Kudowa-Zdrój or simply Kudowa is a town located under the Table Mountains in the Kłodzki district, lower Silesia province, in the south-west of Poland. It has a population of about 10,000 and is located on the Polish-Czech border, opposite the Czech city of Náchod, about 40 km west of The Polish Kłodzek and 140 km from Prague.
Kudowa-Zdrój is one of the oldest European spas where heart and cardiovascular diseases have been cured. In the city centre there is a 17th-century park with exotic plants and a mineral water pumping station. Due to its location, the city is famous for its tourism, hiking and as a starting point for excursions.
The city has several monuments and monuments, such as the Skull Chapel in kudowa's Chermna district, an ossuary containing the bones or skeletal remains of thousands. It is one of six of its kind in Europe. Another place is the Basilica of Wambierzyce, called "Silesia Jerusalem" and one of the most popular places of Catholic pilgrimages in Poland.
Kudowa-Zdrój is one of the oldest spas in Poland and Europe. It was first mentioned in the document by Henry the Elder, the son of the Hussite Czech King George of Podebrady. The original name of the village is Lipolitov, but in the middle of the 16th century it was changed to Chudoba, later kudoba, Bad Kudowa and To Kudowa-Zdrój in 1945.
The oldest part of Kudowa is Chermna from the 16th century.
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